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The Texas Comptroller’s office divides the state’s 268,000 square miles into 12 economic regions, each with at least one Census-defined metropolitan statistical area (MSA), urban areas with relatively high populations and close economic integration.

Texas’ population rose by about 16 percent between 2010 and 2020, compared to a 7.4 percent increase nationwide. Population growth was strongest in the Capital region (31.5 percent), followed by the Gulf Coast (19.9 percent), Metroplex (19.5 percent), and Alamo (17.5 percent) regions

Texas added more than 1.9 million jobs between 2010 and 2015, an increase of 17.1 percent, more than double the national growth rate. Energy-related industries are highly concentrated in Texas, as measured by location quotient (LQ). An LQ of 1.25 or higher indicates that the industry enjoys a competitive advantage in the region compared to other areas.

Source: Texas Comptrollers Office Statewide Report, 2022

Texas RegionsMajor CitiesPopulation (2020 census)CountiesColleges/Universities
Alamo RegionSan Antonio, New Braunfels2.9 million1912
Capital RegionAustin, Round Rock, Georgetown, San Marcos2.4 million108
Central Texas RegionWaco, Bryan, College Station1.3 million2011
Gulf Coast RegionHouston, The Woodland, Sugar Land7.3 million1327
High Plains RegionAmarillo, Lubbock866 thousand419
Northwest RegionAbilene, Wichita Falls549 thousand3112
South Texas RegionLaredo, Corpus Christi
2.4 million2814
Southeast RegionBeaumont, Port Arthur769 thousand156
Upper East RegionTyler, Longview, Texarkana1.2 million2317
Upper Rio Grande RegionElpaso880 thousand64
West Texas RegionMidland, Odessa648 thousand305
Metroplex RegionDallas, Fort Worth, Plano, Frisco, McKinney8 million1931